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江苏专转本考试《大学英语》语法与词汇考点一

第一章 语法和词汇

第一讲  名词

一、考点:主谓一致

二、语法讲解

1.定义:主谓一致指谓语动词与主语在人称、数上保持一致

2.分类:语法一致、意义一致、就近原则

3.语法点:

(1)由and 连接的并列成分但指的是同一概念或一个人的双重身份时谓语动词用单数,但由and连接的两个并列成分表示两个不同的概念时,谓语动词用复数。

e.g. The worker and writer is from Beijing.

   The worker and the writer are from Beijing.

常见词汇记忆:

  a folk and knife 一幅刀叉

  a white and black cat 黑白相间的猫

  iron and steel钢铁

  time and tide 岁月

(2)everyone of, one of, each of ,either of, neither of + 复数名词作主语,谓语用单数

e.g. Each of the students has a book.

   Neither of the two boys is good at English.

注意: 句型one of + 复数名词+ 定语从句, 如果one前没有限定词,这个句型中的“复数名词”是先行词,那么定语从句的谓语动词用复数。如果one前面有the only, the first, the last, the right等限定词,则one是先行词,定语从句中的谓语动词为单数。

e.g John is the only one of the students who has the keys.

   John is one of the students who have the keys.

(3)more than one/many a + 单数名词作主语,意义上是复数,谓语动词常用单数;同样用法的还有: each + 单数名词+ and+ each +单数名词,谓语动词用单数;every + 单数名词+ and+ every +单数名词,谓语动词用单数

e.g  Many a famous pop star has been ruined by drugs.

More than one game was lost.

Many a boy and many a girl has seen there paintings.

(4)“a number of +复数名词”作主语,谓语动词用复数,意为“许多,大量”

     “the number of +复数名词”作主语,谓语动词用单数,意为“数字,数量”

(5)“half, most, enough, part, the rest, the last +of+名词作主语”,或“losts, some, plenty + 分数,百分数”做主语,谓语动词与of后的名词保持一致。

e.g.  Only 40 percent of the students in the class are boys.

(6) 主语后由as well as, as much as, accompanied by, including, in addition to, more than, no less than, rather than, together with,with等词连接另一个名词或名词词组时,谓语动词遵循“就前原则”。

e.g. The teacher, with all his students, is going to have a picnic this weekend.

(7)either···or···, neither···nor···, not only···but also···, or等连接两个名词作主语时,谓语动词遵循“就近原则”。

e.g. Neither his family nor he knows anything about it.

三、真题演练及拓展训练

(一)例年真题:

1. Mr. Smith, together with his wife and children,______ going to the party this weekend.

A. Am     B. will    C. are    D. is

2. One hundred and twenty miles per hour ______ usually the speed limit for cars on highway.

A. Are     B. is     C. have    D. had

3. A large number of students______ at the English corner to practice oral English at the moment.

A. is gathering   B. are gathering  C. gathers   D. gather   

4. What angered the old man most ______ that his son didn’t follow his advice on marriage.

  A. is     B. were    C. was    D. are

5. The president of the college, together with the deans, _____ planning a conference to setting a series of regulations.

  A. were    B. are    C. is     D. be

6. Mary is one of the brightest students who _____ from New York University.

  A. graduated       B. have graduated    C. had graduated    D. has graduated

7. Neither the teacher nor her students _____ to attend the meeting by the headmaster.

  A. has been asked     B. has asked       C. have asked     D. have been asked

(二)拓展练习:

1. Not only I but also Tom and Mary ____fond of collecting stamps.

    A. am                  B. will                    C. are                  D. have

2. The number of members in the club ____to two hundred.

A. were limited       B. limits             C. was limited       D. limited

 3. Air pollution, together with overpopulation, ____many problems in big cities today.

A. are causing        B. is causing         C. are caused        D. is caused

4. Dr. Green, together with his wife and two daughters,  __________ to arrive in Nanjing tonight.

A. will be          B. is              C .are            D. are going

5. Three-fourths of its surface of the earth _____ sea.

  A. is               B. are             C. have been       D. was

6. Neither Mary nor her brothers _____ a consent for tomorrow’s field trip.

  A. need            B. needs           C. is needing      D. has needed

7. Eight times eight _____ sixty-four.

  A. is               B. are             C. get           D. equal

8. One and a half bananas _____ left on the table.

  A. is               B. are             C. has           D. have

9. The great writer and professor _____.

  A. is an old man                     B. are both old men

  C. is an old man and a young man       D. were two Chinese

10. This pair of trousers _____ too long for him.

  A.is                B. be              C. are           D. were


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